Char Dham of Uttrakhand

CHAR DHAM YATRA

DEV PRAYAG

  

YAMUNA RIVER

The entire Uttarakhand region has received abundant grace of nature. As soon as you visit this religious area, you additionally get an opportunity to see an uninterrupted widespread variety of vegetation in the Himalayan region. Apart from this, this area gives you an opportunity to appreciate a large group of adventure sports, including river sailing, trekking, mountaineering, unseen activities and two-wheeler driving on the mountains. Whenever someone goes on a trip to Uttarakhand, Char Dham Yatra What is Char Dham Yatra?  the religious pilgrimage here is here for four Dhams – Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath. Saturated with folklore and legends, in these goals, the passenger gets an opportunity to do a living exercise on Hindu religion, its celebrations, traditions and old customs. Fans wishing for salvation by purifying their lives, while at the same time praying at Garhwal Himalaya for their sins. According to Hindu Conventions, the journey of Char Dham should start from left to right in a specific order like Yamunotri should again visit Gangotri then Kedarnath and finally Badrinath. Most of the journey of Char Dham in Uttarakhand starts in May and ends in the month of September due to excessive snowfall.
Most people do not have complete information about the history of Char Dham. Firstly, the word ‘Char Dham‘ was used to refer to India’s most prominent shrine – Puri, Rameswaram, Dwarka and Badrinath. These important travel goals were collected by the great reformer and philosopher Shankaracharya (Adi Shankar) of the eighth century as a religious pilgrimage. Since Badrinath was added to the last of the circuit and these places in Uttarakhand were called ‘Chhoti Char Dham‘. First of all, the small four dhamas were always used for pilgrimage and surrounded by sadhus and religious experts. The journey of Char Dham in Uttarakhand is done through a very difficult route. It is common to see deep trenches, snow-covered mountains, places of worship, high mountains, thick forests and wild animals during the journey of four Dhams. But all these difficulties do not disturb the interest to the Shradhalu. In the Himalayas, there is a peace and excitement between the hills and the devotees always keep the devotees open. The government is providing a lot of facilities to make the journey of Char Dham more accessible. As the journey starts here, the crowd of people becomes overwhelmed.
So let us now explain the journey of four Dhams in Uttarakhand :-


YAMUNA TEMPLE

1)Yamunotri :-

YAMUNOTRI DHARA

 At the height of 3,291 meters (10,797 feet) from Samudra beach in Uttarkashi of Uttarakhand, the holy Yamunotri arrives within the western region of the range of Garhwal mountains. Immortality is dedicated to Yamuna and offers an unwilling marble image of immortality. The Holy Yamuna Hanuman chatti is fully open on foot from the city of Thirh (8.1 mi) Trek and Junky Chatti, around 6 kilometers (3.7 miles). To get here, mule and sedan are available for rent. Due to various falls in the journey from Hanuman Chatti to Yamunotri, an excellent beauty extends with excellent points. Yamunotri, Yamuna is the supply of waterfall and hence there is the existence of divine Yamuna in Hinduism. This is the first of the four dhams in India’s Chhoti Char Dham Yatra. Yamuna is supplied with water from the holy water of Yamunotri. This Garhwal is the most western temple in the Himalayas, which is located on the top of the monkey Poonch Mountain. The main attraction of Yamunotri is dedicated to the divine Yamuna and the holy thermal springs in the Divine Chatti (7 km away). At the height of 4421 meters above sea level, the actual place of a frozen lake of ice and ice mass (Champsar Glacier), located on Kalind Mountain, is over one kilometer extra. It’s not easy. Hence the temple is situated in the hill valley.
The sanctuary of Yamuna on the left bank of the Yamuna was developed by Maharaja Pratap Shah of Tehri Garhwal. The idol of Mother Yamuna Ji is made of black marble. Like the Ganges, the Yamuna is also an ideal for the Hindus and it is believed to be in charge of supporting and building Indian human progress. Near the sanctuary, boiling water fountains are boiling out of mountain depression. The sun cistern is the most essential trough. Near the Sun Kund is a rock which is called Divine Shila, which is honored before offering the worship for Divinity. Rice and potatoes prepared in a hot water pond, tied in muslin material, are used for worship. Cooked rice is taken back home as a prasad. The priest of Yamunotri came out from the city of Kharasli city , junky chatti. He is the director of the holy place and performs religious ceremonies. They are knowledgeable in the scriptures
BANDARPUNCH

HANUMAN CHATTI

KHARSHALI VILLAGE

SURYA KUND
Locations to go to Yamanotri Dham: –

SCENERIC VIEW

§ Yamunotri Sanctuary:- The original attraction in Yamunotri is known for its sanctuary, Yamuna and its hot water pond. This sanctuary is about 7 kilometers away from Junk hati. While traveling on foot from Hanuman Chatti to Yamunotri, the mountainous roads, with many types of waterfalls, rivers and many trees, doubles the joy of the road.
§ Hanuman Chatti:- This place is situated at a distance of 13 kms from Yamanotri. The confluence of Hanuman Ganga and Yamuna Nadi is here. It starts from Dodi Tal, which is about 3 kilometers away from here. The valleys filled with trees and rivers, chains of snow-covered mountains and journeying with positive energies take the journey into a different world.

HANUMAN CHATTI

§ Kharassali:- Kharassali has many hot water springs flowing and the whole place is devout. This place fills with a lot of excitement for travelers who visit. Beautiful scenery here, with the sound of wind and birds, this place appears as a paradise.
§ Saptarshi Kund:- Yamuna waterway has originated from the Saptharshi Kund. The saptarishi kund can be seen by walking at an elevation of 4421 meters. Here the water appears to be blue due to the change of water and Yamuna looks very clean and beautiful along the waterway. In this place, the Brahma Kamal, which blossoms once a year, will be visible. It is very difficult here and before going here it is very important to know the weather information. Otherwise, you can come under very difficult difficulty. If rain falls on it, the streams of water become very fierce and every thing that comes in your way Saves it.

§ Surya Kund:- There will be many hot water in the sanctuary area. The most important of them is the sun cistern.
§ Divine rock:- This is a sacred shrine located near the Sun Tunnel in Yamunautra. Its philosophy and worship is mandatory. The divine rock makes the seekers and passengers a strong power. This ancient inscription is that before every person entering Yamunotri, every travelers and devotees should worship the divine rock.


GANGOTRI TEMPLE

Gangotri :-

GOMUKH

98 km away from Uttarkashi, and 483 km from Delhi,Gangotri is a famous tour city in Uttarkashi area of ​​Uttarakhand. It is arranged at the height of 3100 meters in the Garhwal Himalayan range on the banks of the Bhagirathi river. It is an attractive place among other travel destinations in the state of Uttarakhand and in addition it is one of the mainstream places to go to Uttarakhand and there is also the next stop for four Dham Yatra with Gangotri, Badrinath, Kedarnath and Yamunotri. Mother Ganges is started from Gangotri Glacier Gaumukh, which is located approximately 19 km from Gangotri town. According to the legends, King Bhagirath had given a great austerity of mother Ganga to give salvation to 1000 of his ancestors, so that the mother was pleased and was ready to come to earth but their velocity was so fast that if she came to Earth she would be tearing the earth The Jatte in the thin, therefore, Lord Shivji decreased their velocity by holding them in their Jattoos. After the mother came to the earth of Ganga, she followed behind the Bhagiratha and the bones of her ancestors were on the go; she passed and provided salvation to all of them. From then on, mother Ganga Ji came to be called Moksha Daanyi. Gangotri is acclaimed for its ancient sanctuaries and religious remarks. In the middle of the eighteenth century, the Gangotri temple was constructed by Gorkha General Amar Singh Thapa. Ganga is called Bhagirathi in Gangotri and the name of Ganga is obtained from Devprayag. Where it meets the Alaknanda. A holy stone is found near the sanctuary, where King Bhagirath has worshiped Lord Shiva. Jalmagana Shivaling, Bhadra Bodra Temple, Bhairavnath Temple and Gaumukh are the other places of religious attraction in Gangotri.

SIGN BOARD

Places To Visit in Gangotri Dham:-

GANGOTRI TEMPLE

Tapovan:- At an altitude of 4460 meters above sea level, Tapovan is a beautiful grassland surrounded by peaks. Enriched with beautiful flowers, climbing on this grass field accelerates images of nearby peaks and ranges.
Scented shivaling:- Shivaling in river water is a magnificent charisma that firmly reflects the power of divine God. According to mythology, Lord Shiva took the place at this place to take Ganga in his jatao. When the water level falls down in the early winter, the shiveling appears dipped. Dive Shivling is the most sacred place where the Ganges, the first section of life, touches the earth.
Vishwanath Temple:- One of Uttarkashi’s most famous temples, Lord Vishwanath temple falls in Kedar Khand. It is also described in the Skanda Purana. The temple is 300 meters from the local bus stand in Uttarkashi. There is a Shivling in this holy temple which is 60 cm long and 90 cm in circumference.
Bhairon Valley:- 10 km away from Gangotri. In North Kashi and Jat is situated near the confluence of Ganges and Bhagirathi rivers. The temple of Bhairav ​​Nath surrounded by dense forests is philosophical and worth visiting.
Gaumukh Glacier:- Gangotri glacier located at an altitude of 4238 meters, runs along Gangotri starting from Chaukhamba and eventually merges into Gaumukh. It is a known fact that the water of the Ganges is 100% pure in nature and it does not have any impurity in it. The Ganges river gets out of Gaumukh and gets through various states and meets in the Bay of Bengal.

Kedarnath Temple

Kedarnath:-

This is the most distant place in Dhamo and surrounded by snow-clad peaks from around. This place is known for ancient Shiva temple Kedarnath. The journey of Kedarnath is a thrilling and exciting experience. Like other Dhams, Kedarnath and Vaishakh (April-May) open every year and closes on the first day of the Hindu month of Kartik (October-November). The temple is closed for about half a year due to snowfall. After the closure, God is transferred to Umheemath. According to legend, in order to get rid of the sin of the killing of his brothers during the Kurukshetra war, Pandavas did the penance here of Lord Shankar, which resulted in the temple coming into existence. Lord Shiva removed him from time to time and ran away to escape from them and took refuge in Kedarnath as a bull.
 Pandavas followed them, but they saw that Pandavas were not following them, then they got themselves inside the ground, which in turn resulted in their quarrels and the rest of them emerged at different places. In which the hands appeared in Tungnath, in the face in Rudranath, with the head of Madhameshwar’s belly and his hair in Kalpeshwar. Kedarnath and the above four temples are considered as Panch Kedar. Kedarnath is an attractive and divine site standing between a wide plateau surrounded by white snow-covered peaks. In the 8th century, the present temple of Kedarnath was built by Adi Shankaracharya. The first temple built by the Pandavas is near the same place. The inner walls of the main part of the temple are decorated with paintings of various deities and scenes from mythology. A large idol of Nandi Bull stands out as a guard outside the temple door. The excellent architecture Kedarnath temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is believed to be more than 1000 years old. The creation of extremely large, heavy and evenly cut gray gray slabs of stones, it surprisingly surprises how these heavy slabs have been handled in the earlier days.
 There is a womb house for worship in the temple and it is suitable for worship of pilgrims and visitors. A conical rock inside the temple is built in the form of Lord Shiva as his Sadashiva. A sudden and fierce flood that came in 2013 caused a storm in Kedarnath and completely destroyed this region. Many losers were victims of this tragedy, many people went missing in this flood, whose body has not yet been found. But it is astonishing that even in this terrible tragedy there is no damage to the temple of Kedarnath ji. From this surprise incident it can be felt that there is a Divya that can be found here, which protects this temple. Today this temple has been further attracted. Here the story of Kedarnathji is shown by lighting on the walls of the temple. Presently, the BJP Government is providing facilities to devotees who come here.
SIGN BOARD



Places To Visit in Kedarnath Dham :-


§ Gandhi Sanover:- A small lake from which Yudhisthira, the eldest among Pandavas, went to heaven.

§ Shankaracharya Samadhi:- Shankaracharya Samadhi is made as an ideal and peaceful area for the devotees. The stunning temple in the background adds to its peace. It is believed that Adiguru Shankaracharya took Samadhi in this area.

§ Bhairavnath Temple:- Bhairav ​​Temple is located 1 km away from Kedarnath Temple. From here, you can see the entire Kedarnath valley and Kedarnath temple. It is believed that after the closure of Kedarnath Dham due to heavy snow fall, the god protects the Kedarnath temple besides the entire Kedarnath valley as Bhairavnath.

§ Ratus Kund:- It is a very small Kund(water source) about 200 meters from Kedarnath temple.

§ Gaurikund:- A village which is a trek for Kedarnath and a roadside service, is a hot waterfalls and a temple dedicated to Gauri.

§ Vasuki Tal:- This lake at the height of 4135 meters above sea level, is very beautiful, surrounded with the help of the high mountains and the Chaukkamba provides an extraordinary view of the peak.
§ Sonprayag:- Son is the confluence ofGanges and Mandakini rivers, which is at a turning point for Triuginarayan.

Badrinath Temple

Front View of Badrinarayan Temple

 Badrinath:-


Nar and Narayan are two mountains that protect this temple. An amazing view of Badrinath is found by Nilkanth Peak. One of the highest pilgrim centers within the country. It is the host for the famous Badrinath temple. The legend is that Lord Vishnu came in this area, which was known as ‘Badri Van‘ or Beri Lawn, Narad ji had punished him for immersion in worldly delusion. Lord Vishnu, the chief god of Badrinathji.

Badrinath Temple is a magnificent temple situated on the banks of the Alaknanda River and there is a hot water kund called “Swath Kund“. The primary gateway to the temple is very gorgeous and the main form is known as the Gander Dwar is. Badrinath is about 50 feet long, which is safe with sleeping on the top of the roof.
Badrinath Temple has been divided into three sections – Garbh Grah, Bhawan Mandap and Darshan Mandap.
Darshan Pavilion: – Where customs are directed.
Meeting Pavilion: – Where devotees are gathered.
Darshan Pavilion: – Where devotees worship Lord Vishnu ji.
The Badrinath Temple is depicted in the gate, especially in reverse of the original symbol of God. Sitting in the petition with his own hands, Lord Badriarayan’s vehicle Vengad ji is sitting on the symbol of Garuda. The divider and mainstream of the pavilion are decorated with many types of carved artifacts. About our brother, the Vedas are also mentioned in the Shrimad Bhagavat and it is a sacred place of saints.

Places To Visit in Badrinath Dham:-
§ Neelkanth:- Behind the Badrinath Temple, an aspect of the valley opens as a cone made of Neelkanth Peak (6600 meters). Apart from this, it is known as ‘Garhwal Rani’. It is a snowy peak in the form of a pyramid that makes the background of Badrinath. The devotees can go to the Brahm Kamal region only here.
§ Synopsis:- This is a triangular lake surrounded by snow coated peak and it is known as Hindu Gods Mahesh, Vishnu and Brahma. It is believed that the Hindu Gods Mahesh, Vishnu and Brahma come to bath during every Ekadashi of Hindu Calendar during this lake.
§ Tapatt Kund:- Before going to Badrinath temple, devotees should take a sacred dip in the tap kund. The tap trough is full of a natural depression with a sulfur. Which is considered to be the home of Hindu deity, Agnidev. There are different arrangements for men and women in the bathing place. Although the traditional temperature is 55 degrees Celsius, the temperature of the water increases slightly throughout the day. The elements found in this water are used as a decent treatment for skin diseases. The pilgrims who come here should definitely take a bath in this pool so that they can get rid of their skin related diseases.
§ Brahmapal:- Near the temple, there is an area to commemorate the ancestors of travelers. This is a very important place of Shraddha where Hindus who believe in religion want to come once in their life.
§ Phase Paduka:- It is only three kilometers away, which is an amazing place with wild flowers. Here is a boulder with Lord Vishnu’s footprints which the devotees consider very holy.
§ Narada Kund:- Located near the Tap Kund, Narada Kund where the statue of Lord Vishnu was recovered by Shankar. Here water fountains come from the lower spaces of the Garoil rock and fall into a trough. Badrinath’s philosophy usually occurs before a holy dip during this trough. Many more waterfalls are also found in this area. The devotees immerse themselves in the pursuit of non-salvation and healthy valuables. Narad Kund has been considered very holy in Badrnath Suraj Kund and Kedarnath class.

Places Near Badrinath Dham





§ Vasundhara Falls:- Vasundhara Falls (3 km from Mann village) is one of the notable tourist attractions, which is located within Mann village. The water of this spring flows beneath the peak of four hundred feet located at an altitude of 12000 feet. It is believed that the water of Vasundhara falls away from the sinners. Near the waterfalls, there are special peaks of Tropat, Chaukhama and Balcom.
§ Vasuki Tal:- This pond is a high altitude lake and can be reached by a track of eight kilometers. Vyas cave, Ganesh cave, Bhimpul and Vasudhara waterfall are about 3-6 kilometers from here. Square remedies in these destinations are notable for their links with Hindu mythology and are a part of Badrinath’s journey.

§ Urvashi Temple:- Badri Vishal, which is the ashram of Nar and Narayan, where they are serving as austerity and presently, in the form of mountains, are protecting the temple, which is also a symbol of their integrity. When they were in deep meditation, the Hindu deity tried very hard to distract them, when they did not succeed, they then sent a group of Apsaras. But all the nymphs failed, then Narayana opened the eyes and called Indra and again The left thigh meat piece also made beautiful Apsara Urvashi from all the Apsarao and visited Indra. The temple of Urvashi is located 2 kms away from Pharnepadka.
§ Bhima Bridge:- This is a huge rock which acts as a natural bridge in the Saraswati waterfall. Saraswati waterfall flows forcefully between 2 mountains and the Alaknand falls into waterfall. It is believed that one of the 5 Pandavas, Mahabali Bhim made a huge rock bridge so that instead of moving around 2 mountains, it could be possible so that Draupadi could easily pass it.
§ Sheshnathra:- One kilometer away is a stone which influences the mythological serpent, which is called the Sheshnag’s eye (Shashnag, which means Sheeshnag and Eye which means eye). In the lap of the male Parvat, on the alternate side of the Alaknanda, there are 2 small seasonal lakes, which are the eyes of Sheshnag.

§ Vyas Cave:- An ancient cave close to the village of Vyas Muni, Mana is known as Vyas cave and he wrote Mahabharata. More caves related to ancient saints and yogis can be found here.
§ Mata Murti Temple: It is situated on the banks of the Alaknanda which is three kilometers from Badrinath, which is dedicated to the mother of Shri Badrinath (mother idol).
§ Punch Dhar:- The famous Panch Dhar (five streams) in Bararipuri Arh Prahalad, Kurma, Bhrigu, Urvashi and Indira Dhar. The most important place among them is the Indira section, which is about 2 km north of Badaripuri city. Bhrigudhara flows through many caves. Urvashi section flows next to Ganga stream in the Nilkanth area. The water of the Kurma section is very cold, while hot water flows in the Prahalad section, which passes under the rocks of Narayan mountain and shines brilliantly.

§ Punch rock:- There are 5 stones of mythological importance around tap kund that are called Narada, Narasimha, Barah, Garur and Markandeya Shila (stone). It is said that the sage Narada has meditated on this rock for many years.